Sweden is a Scandinavian nation with thousands of coastal islands and inland lakes, along with vast boreal forests and glaciated mountains. Its principal cities, eastern capital Stockholm and southwestern Gothenburg and Malmö, are all coastal. Stockholm is built on 14 islands. It has more than 50 bridges, as well as the medieval old town, Gamla Stan, royal palaces and museums such as open-air Skansen.
Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area .The capital city is Stockholm, which is also the most populous city in the country. Swedes hold nature in high esteem, which is one reason why environmental issues are so important here. Only one per cent of solid waste goes to landfill in Sweden with the rest recycled or used to produce heat, electricity or vehicle fuel in the form of biogas.